Cotton and weed experts push for expanded label as EPA extends comment period on dicamba
By Ryan McGeeney
U of A System Division of Agriculture
May 9, 2016
- EPA extends comment period on use of dicamba in cotton and soybeans to May 31
- Currently labeled for use only for “burn down” applications in cotton
- Dicamba currently not labeled for tank mixes
LITTLE ROCK — Agronomists and researchers with the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture said last week that they are continuing to push for expanded use of dicamba-based herbicides in cotton and soybean varieties that are genetically engineered to tolerate the modes of action.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced in late April that it will extend by 30 days the public comment period on Monsanto’s plea for expanded use of its M1691 dicamba herbicide, commercially known as Roundup Ready Xtend. The public comment period is now open until May 31, 2016.
Bill Roberston, extension cotton agronomist for the Division of Agriculture, said cotton varieties that are dicamba tolerant have been commercially available in Arkansas and elsewhere since 2015, and many growers have incorporated them into their crop rotation. However, the herbicide itself is currently only labeled for use as a post-harvest “burn down” technology, and cannot be used during the growing season. The technology’s current label also doesn’t allow for its use in tank mixes of any kind.
“Basically, we can’t legally use dicamba any later than three weeks prior to planting cotton,” said Robertson, who also said he plans to submit comments to the EPA on behalf of the Division of Agriculture.
When the new dicamba technologies were first introduced in late 2014, many growers and agriculture experts looked at it as the best new weapon against glyphosate-resistant pigweed, which have bedeviled growers in cotton and, increasingly, soybeans.
Tom Barber, associate professor of weed science for the Division of Agriculture, said the prohibition on combining dicamba with other chemicals in tank mixes hobbles its effectiveness as a resistance management tool.
“We’re concerned that the proposed label that we’ve been made aware of doesn’t allow for any tank mixes with other modes of action herbicides,” Barber said. “Therefore, it would not be as efficient and effective a resistance management as we would like.”
To learn more about weed management in row crops, contact your local Cooperative Extension Service agent or visit www.uaex.edu.
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension and Research programs and services without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.
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Media Contact: Mary Hightower
Dir. of Communication Services
U of A Division of Agriculture
Cooperative Extension Service