Arkansas crop production down for most 2015 commodities
Jan. 13, 2016
By Ryan McGeeney
U of A System Division of Agriculture
- Cotton sets record lows in harvested acres, production
- Corn, rice, soybeans yields down slightly after record 2014
- Wet weather kept farmers from planting
LITTLE ROCK — Overall production numbers for most Arkansas crops fell in 2015 compared to the previous year’s record yields, and wet weather was the prime suspect, said Scott Stiles, extension economist for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
The National Agricultural Statistics Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday issued its Crop Production 2015 Summary and for Arkansas, growers saw decreases in acres harvested, average yield and total production in corn, cotton, long grain rice and soybeans. In 2014, corn, rice and soybeans all saw record high yield numbers.
“We had more than 707,000 acres of prevented planting,” Stiles said. “Given the weather we had, that makes perfect sense.”
By the numbers
CORN -- Arkansas corn production fell almost 20 percent, from about 99.1 million bushels to about 80.5 million. Nationally, the crop dropped 4 percent from 2014 production numbers. Corn was harvested from 445,000 acres, down 16 percent from last year. Yield was estimated at 181 bushels per acre, down six from the previous year’s record high.
COTTON -- Arkansas cotton production dropped 40 percent to 475,000 bales, a record low. Nationally, cotton production dropped 21 percent from 2014. Acres harvested dropped to 205,000 acres, down 40 percent from the previous year, and an all-time low. The crop yield was estimated at 1,112 pounds per acre, down 33 pounds from the previous year.
SORGHUM – The state’s grain sorghum production experienced a gain of 169 percent to about 43.1 million —reflecting the 167 percent increase in acres planted over 2014 to 440,000. Stiles said that as market prices for grain sorghum have collapsed over the last year, growers were likely reduce their sorghum acreage back to 2014 levels, when growers harvested 165,000 acres of the grain. Sorghum yield was pegged at 98 bushels per acre, up one bushel from 2014.
SOYBEANS -- Arkansas soybeans did not meet NASS forecasts of another record year for yields, fell slightly from 2014 in acres harvested, average yield and production. Growers produced about 155.3 million bushels of soybeans, down 2 percent from adjusted 2014 numbers. Nationally, soybeans production increased slightly. Yield was estimated at 49 bushels per acre, down a half bushel from the previous year’s record high.
RICE -- Overall Arkansas rice production, which includes both long grain and medium grain rice, fell 16 percent from 2014 numbers to 94.3 million hundredweight. While medium grain rice increased from 214,000 acres harvested in 2014 to 240,000 acres, long grain rice dropped about 20 percent from about 1.27 million acres to about 1 million acres harvested in 2015. Nationally, rice production fell 13 percent from 2014.
Jarrod Hardke, extension rice agronomist for the division, said that although production has fallen, and U.S. rice stocks are reportedly the lowest they’ve been in eight years, the commodity price will likely continue to remain relatively low, and will not likely change Arkansas growers’ current decisions regarding acreage allocations one way or the other.
“We’re probably looking at about the same projection number we had for last year — which we didn't fulfill because of the weather,” Hardke said. “But 1.5 million acres is probably a reasonable projection going into this year."
For more information on crop production, visit www.uaex.edu or contact your county extension office.
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension and Research programs and services without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.
# # #
Media Contact: Ryan McGeeney
U of A Division of Agriculture
Cooperative Extension Service