UACES Facebook Dicamba use in Arkansas | Current FAQs about using dicamba in Arkansas

Dicamba in Arkansas - Research and FAQs

Weed scientists for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture gave presentations on their research at a field day, Aug. 8, 2017, at the Northeast Research and Extension Center in Keiser. Full-length versions of their presentations are available below. A summary of the field day may be found here: http://bit.ly/2hPeXr5

TIMELINE: What is the situation with dicamba use in Arkansas?

  • June 23, 2017, the Arkansas State Plant Board approved an emergency rule to ban use and sale of dicamba in Arkansas, except for pasture and rangeland.
  • June 30, the Governor agreed to have the rule promulgated, sending it to the executive subcommittee of the Arkansas Legislative Council.
  • July 5, Executive subcommittee meets. The subcommittee went into recess until July 7 following a meeting that same day of the joint Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development committee. 
  • July 7, the Joint Ag Committee recommended approving the proposed ban. That afternoon, the executive subcommittee of the Arkansas Legislative Council voted to take no action. The proposed ban went into effect July 11. 
  • The emergency rule is in effect for 120 days. The proposed emergency rule exempts use for forage and pastures. 
  • Aug. 7, Gov. Hutchinson named his appointees for a dicamba task force. The task force held its initial meeting Aug. 17. No decisions were reached, but the task force explored options including a late-spring cutoff for the application of dicamba, added fines for misapplication, and in-person mandatory training for applicators.  
  • A second task force meeting was held Aug. 24.
  • Sept. 7, Monsanto files a petition with the state Plant Board. 
  • Sept. 12, Pesticide Committee of the State Plant Board votes to accept the task force recommendation to bar in-crop use of dicamba herbicides after April 15. 
  • Sept. 20, a petition from growers opposing restrictions proposed by dicamba task force is sent to the State Plant Board.
  • Sept. 21, Arkansas State Plant Board votes unanimously to back a ban on use of dicamba herbicides from April 16-Oct. 31.The board also votes unanimously to deny a rulemaking petition filed by Monsanto. 
  • Oct. 19 - Arkansas State Plant Board votes to reject grower-led petition to be able to hear it Nov. 8, schedules subcommittee meeting to evaluate data related to suggestions in petition. 
  • Oct. 20Monsanto sues Arkansas State Plant Board. (Petition
  • Oct. 23 - Pesticide Committee of the Arkansas State Plant Board discusses points made in grower-led petition, which seeks, among other things, a 1-mile buffer, May 25 cutoff for in-crop use. See: http://brownfieldagnews.com/news/arkansas-producers-sign-petition-opposing-dicamba-cut-off/
  • Oct. 27- Motion to recuse filed, case assigned to Pulaski County Circuit Judge Chris Piazza, 2nd Division, 6th Circuit.  
  • Nov. 8  - Arkansas State Plant Board votes to deny petition seeking disqualification of Terry Fuller. Hears public comments about proposed ban. Votes 10-3 in favor of ban, Fuller recuses from vote. 
  • Dec. 12 - Arkansas Legislative Council’s Administrative Rules and Regulations Subcommittee on Dec. 12 asked ASPB to consider three separate criteria in any revision of the proposed rule. ASPB was asked to consider scientific-based evidence; a dividing line to create north and south use zones across the Delta; ambient temperature and humidity applicable to temperature inversion during night hours.
  • Jan. 3, 2018 - Pesticide committee of the State Plant Board recommended previously proposed rule; plant board votes to accept committee recommendation. 
  • Jan. 16 - Legislative subcommittee supports State Plant Board recommendations. Goes to Legislative Council on Jan. 19.  https://apnews.com/da1c9dbc14d14308bfbdab22a707270c
  • Jan. 19. Legislative Council supports recommendation. The State Plant Board will now file the rule with the Secretary of State’s Office, and the rule will become effective ten days after filing. http://bit.ly/2mWOSGq )
  • Feb. 16. Pulaski County Circuit Judge Chris Piazza grants motion to dismiss an effor by Monsanto seeking to invalidate the state's ban on in-crop application of dicamba herbicides, citing sovereign immunity.  

Background on dicamba in Arkansas 

The Division of Agriculture does have a responsibility to attempt diagnose injury where it occurs in crops or livestock. In the case of injury caused by off-target herbicide or other application, our faculty cannot speculate on the source of the injury.

The Arkansas State Plant Board has regulatory authority in this matter and can address questions of that nature. The plant board's dicamba information is available here: http://www.aad.arkansas.gov/arkansas-dicamba-information-updates.

Can I use dicamba?

Under the emergency rule, dicamba is allowed only for range and pasture use. See the emergency rule

Should I replant?

barber-dicamba-beans-3
CUPPED LEAVES — Soybeans showing the cupped leaves which are a symptom of dicamba injury. File photo. (U of A System Division of Agriculture)

In deciding whether to replant, growers can make use of the SOYRISK decision making tool, one of several decision tools available for download here: http://agribusiness.uark.edu/decision-support-software.php#soymap.

Based on a pair of studies, replanting this late in the season (early July) would potential have a greater yield reduction than keeping an herbicide-injured soybean field. See: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/2017/07/07/herbicide-replanting-products/.

Is there something I can do to help injured soybeans recover?

There is no miracle cure. The most important point is not to add any more stress to plants that are already stressed. The soybean plants’ ability to recover is related to the growth stage at which it was affected, how many times it received injuries and the severity of the injuries. It’s likely to be worse for soybeans with later planting dates. Learn more: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/2017/07/07/herbicide-replanting-products/.

 

 Dicamba outreach efforts by the Division of Agriculture 

Dicamba outreach infographic