Fellowship Recipient 2012: Faye Smith - December 2012
I am Faye Smith. I am a 2012 Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board Fellowship Recipient. I am currently a master’s student here at the University of Arkansas, working under Dr. Kristofer Brye in the Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Dept here in Fayetteville, AR. [Picture of a soybean field. Faye standing next to section of a field cut-out to show soil layers.]
[University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Research and Extension University of Arkansas System. Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board. Faye Smith, Master's Student, Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences and 2012 ASPB Fellowship Recipient]
[Picture of someone burning off a field.] My research is based on studying the long term effects of alternative residue and water management practices on soil respiration and on aggregate stability and on wheat soybean double crop rotation.
[Kaye] A lot of people think that maybe soils don’t really have a lot of structure to them, they’re just broken bits of rocks and organic matter all kind of pushed together, which is true in a way, but a lot of soils have structures in them that are called aggregate and if I just pull off some of this soil, which is really awkward, you’ll see that it doesn’t come off as just a big mass of soil. We have bits of soil particles that are held together very tightly and these structures are actually called aggregate. [Faye pulls off pieces of soil and shows the chunks of soil.]
[Picture of soil layers.] Aggregates are an excellent way to store carbon for a long time in the soil and it’s an excellent way of carbon c-crustation. [Picture of Faye measuring soil layers.] Essentially what I’m doing is looking at the carbon cycle and how management practices, while in soybean and wheat, double crop systems can affect carbon storage and respiration, which is essentially the release of carbon within the soil profile.
[www.uaex.edu. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Research and Extension University of Arkansas System. Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board]