Rice Production in Arkansas
Rice production reportedly began in Arkansas in 1902 with one acre of rice grown in Lonoke County. However, some historical records suggest that rice was grown in some parts of Arkansas prior to the Civil War.
Official state records for rice production have been kept since 1905 for yields, harvested acres, and prices. Rice acreage gradually increased until 1955 when the first government acreage controls stabilized rice production on about 500,000 acres. Marketing quotas were lifted in 1974 and rice acreage increased, reaching a peak in 1981 at 1.54 million harvested acres, which was not surpassed until 1999. The record harvested acreage for Arkansas was achieved in 2010 with 1.785 million acres.
In 2018, Arkansas rice producers harvested 1,422,000 acres and the state average yield of 166.7 bu/acre (7,500 lb/acre) was the third highest on record. Arkansas accounted for 49% of total U.S. rice production and 49% of the total acres planted in 2018. Currently, rice is grown in 40 of the state's 75 counties and ranks as one of the top three crop commodities in cash receipts for Arkansas farmers.
The Arkansas rice-producing area is primarily in the eastern one-half of the state. Rice is also produced in the Arkansas River Valley and in the Ouachita and Red River Valleys in southwest Arkansas. The state latitude range is from about 33° N where Arkansas borders Louisiana in the south to 36° 30´ N along the northern border shared with Missouri. The state longitude ranges from 89° 36´ W where Arkansas borders Tennessee and Mississippi to the east to 94° 36´ W along the western border shared with Oklahoma and Texas.
Rice Production Practices
Rice Research and Extension personnel are constantly working to refine and create new recommendations and practices to improve Arkansas rice production.
Rice Research and Practice - University of Arkansas Libraries
- Rice Production Publications
Number Date Title FSA36 current Farmers' Use of Yield Monitors FSA37 current Adoption of Yield Monitor Technology for Crop Production FSA2118 current Understanding the Numbers on Your Soil Test Report FSA2127 current Phosphorus Fertilization of Rice FSA2153 current The Soil Test Report FSA2157 current Rice Seeding Rate Recommendations for Arkansas FSA2164 current Factors Affecting Rice Milling Quality (color) FSA2165 current Potassium Requirements and Fertilization of Rice and Irrigated Soybeans MP192 current
- Arkansas Rice Update Newsletter
- Results of Arkansas Rice Cultivar TestingRIS 172 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials2011-2013 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials - See more at: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/publications/#sthash.sMlH0WiV.dpufRIS 172 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials2011-2013 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials - See more at: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/publications/#sthash.sMlH0WiV.dpufRIS 172 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials2011-2013 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials - See more at: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/publications/#sthash.sMlH0WiV.dpuf2011-2013 Arkansas Rice Performance Trials
Number Date Title
current2011 Cotton Research Verification Annual Report2011 Cotton Research Verification Annual Report
Arkansas Variety Testing - Rice - Research & Extension | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System
Row Crop Verification - Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
- Weed Management
Number Date Title FSA2162 current Flag the Technology Brochure MP44 current MP479 current Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth and Ryegrass Management MP519 current Row-Crop Plant-Back Intervals for Common Herbicides (12x18 trifold) (color) n/a n/a Herbicide Resistance - A Growing Issue in Arkansas
Ken Smith, UACES Weed Scientist & Committee Chair | Arkansas Herbicide Resistance Committee
Weed Management | Field Crops.- Pest Management | Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
- Insect Management
Number Date Title FSA7057 current Rice Stink Bug in Arkansas MP438 current Identifying Stink Bugs in Arkansas Crops FSA7085 current Rice Insecticide Seed Treatments: Is There Value to the Arkansas Rice Producer? MP144 current Insecticide Recommendations for Arkansas RiceCrop Rotation for Management of Nematodes in Cotton and Soybean - See more at: http://www.arkansas-crops.com/publications/#sthash.tqtULEE4.dpuf
Insect Management | Field Crops - Pest Management | Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
Pesticide Training, Licensing, and Education - Pest Management | Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
Arkansas Insect Pest Photo Gallery - Research & Extension | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System
- Disease Management
- N-STaR Nitrogen Soil Test for Rice
Number Date Title FSA2167 current N-ST*R: Nitrogen-Soil Test for Rice FSA2168 current N-ST*R Soil Sample Bucket and Soil Sample Collection (color) n/a current N-ST*R Protocol for Rice Produced on Clay Soils 2012-2013 n/a current N-ST*R Protocol for Rice Produced on Silt Loam Soil 2012-2013
Water Management - Environment & Nature | Arkansas Extension
- Crop Economics & Marketing
Number Date Title FSA38 current Economic Benefits of No-Till in a Rice-Soybean Rotation
Economics & Marketing - Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
Farm Planning ( Budgets, Risk Management, Planning Tools)
Commodity Markets (Market News, Situation Outlook)
MarketMaker (Farmers' Markets, Locally Grown)
Biosecurity - Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
- Mobile Apps & Online Tools
Number Date Title FSA2017 current FSA2124 current
Soil Test Reports Online
Soil Testing & Research Laboratory in Marianna, Arkansas.
Agricultural Technology - Farm & Ranch | Arkansas Extension
Arkansas Row Crops Blog
The latest news and recommendations from Extension specialists across all row crops.
Irrigation methods and water conservation research from Extension specialists.
Center for Agricultural & Rural Sustainability
Balancing the demands of community, agriculture and ecosystems.