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Commercial Fruits and Nuts in Arkansas

Fruits & Nuts | Commercial Horticulture | Arkansas ExtensionArkansas' climate allows for the production of a wide variety of healthy and delicious, high market value perennial fruits and pecans.

Knowledgeable specialists and county Extension agents are available to assist you with your questions.



Licensed Propagators: University of Arkansas Patented Fruit Cultivars

The Division of Agriculture's Technology Commercialization Office (TCO) helps faculty and research scientists with the University of Arkansas System identify, protect, and commercialize intellectual property developed from their research or other university supported activities.

To set up a license to propagate fruit cultivars developed by the University of Arkansas, please contact: agritco@uark.edu or Cheryl Nimmo at (479) 575-3953.

University of Arkansas Licensed Fruit Propagators
PDF maintained by Extension's Agriculture and Natural Resources

University of Arkansas Fruit Cultivars and Growing Information
Website maintained by TCO; includes current and expired patents for blackberries, blueberries, nectarines, peaches, table grapes and wine grapes.

Compost - life of the soil [Photo courtesy U.S. Composting Council] Planning for Fruit Growing

Cultivar Selection

Selecting the correct fruit cultivars can determine the success of your orchard.

The commercial success of a fruit orchard is highly dependent on the selection of cultivars which will perform reliably for the selected site and location and meet market demands. When selecting cultivars for your orchard you must consider the following:

Blackberries, blueberries, and strawberries in containers

red checkClimatic adaptability of the cultivars
The cultivars you select need to be adapted to the climatic conditions for your geographic location. Pay close attention to the information given by the nursery catalogs such as USDA winter hardiness zones and chilling requirements. Arkansas has six hardiness zones (6a -8a). If your orchard is located in a colder area of the state (USDA hardiness zones 6a or 6b), you need to select cultivars that are adapted to the colder winter temperatures. If you are in the southern part of then you must select fruit cultivars with lower chilling requirement hours.

red checkTime of bloom and days to harvest
You can select early, mid and late season cultivars to extend or concentrate the season to match a specific market. However, care must be taken to make sure that you do not select cultivars that bloom too early, especially in crops such peaches because there might be a danger of frost damage to the blooms. For fruit that require cross pollination
such as apples and pears, the time of bloom of the cultivars must coincide in order to have viable pollen.

red checkPest resistance
One way to decrease the number of pesticide sprays you apply to your orchard is by selecting cultivars that have some resistance to the major diseases in your area.

FSA-6129 Tree Fruit Cultivar Recommendations for Arkansas
FSA-6130 Small Fruit Cultivar Recommendations for Arkansas
MP467 Arkansas Small Fruit Management Schedule
IPM (Integrated Pest Management), weed control for blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, grapes
Arkansas Fruit & Nut News | Department of Entomology | University of Arkansas Arkansas Fruit & Nut News - newsletter
Dr. Donn Johnson | Department of Entomology | University of Arkansas
2013-2014 Mid-Atlantic Berry Guide for Commercial Growers | Cooperative Extension Service | Penn State University 2013-2014 Mid-Atlantic Berry Guide for Commercial Growers
Cooperative Extension Service | Penn State University
Pennsylvania Tree Fruit Production Guide | Cooperative Extension Service | Penn State University Pennsylvania Tree Fruit Production Guide
Cooperative Extension Service | Penn State University
Tree Fruit Resources | Cooperative Extension Service | Cornell University Tree Fruit Resources
Cooperative Extension Service | Cornell University
Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium
University of Arkansas is a member.

Soil Testing

Pecan Pruning [Photo courtesy University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences]  Maintaining Commercial Fruit and Nuts in Arkansas

Pruning & Training Fruits

FSA-6133 Two-Scaffold Perpendicular V - A New Training System for Arkansas Peach and Nectarine Orchards
Pruning and Training Fruit Trees | Arkansas Extension Pruning and Training Fruit Trees
by Dr. Elena Garcia, Extension Fruit Specialist | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System

Watch Video on how to prune thornless blackberries

pruning thornless blackberries video by Clay Wingfield Program Technicican Southwest research center

Watch video on how to prune apple trees in Arkansas

Fruit Tree Pruning APPLES Elena Garcia Ph.D Fruit specialist

Watch video on how to prune peach trees in Arkansas

Pruning peach trees in Arkansas video link

Pest Control for Fruits

FSA-7079 Spotted Wing Drosophila
FSA-7080 Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
MP144 Insecticide Recommendations for Arkansas
MP467 Arkansas Small Fruit Management Schedule
IPM (Integrated Pest Management), weed control for blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, grapes
Fruit & Pest Management | Department of Entomology | University of Arkansas Fruit & Nut Pest Management
by Dr. Donn Johnson | Department of Entomology | University of Arkansas
Cornell Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Tree Fruit Production Cornell Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Tree Fruit Production
Southern Region IPM Center | National Institute of Food & Agriculture | USDA Southern Region IPM Center
National Institute of Food and Agriculture | USDA

Disease Control

FSA-6114 Submitting Plant Samples for Disease Diagnosis
FSA-6132 Foliar Sampling for Fruit Crops
FSA-7562 Alternative Plant Disease Management Practices for the Home Garden
MP154 Arkansas Plant Disease Control Products Guide; - complete guide
Fruit Tree Diseases - Commercial - section
Pecan Diseases - Commercial - section
Small Fruit Diseases - Commercial - section
Plant Health Clinic | Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System Plant Disease Image Library for Fruits & Nuts
Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System
Plant Health Clinic | Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System Plant Health Clinic
Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System

 

Weed Control

MP44 Recommended Chemicals for Weed and Brush Control for Arkansas - Fruits & Nuts
MP467 Arkansas Small Fruit Management Schedule
IPM (Integrated Pest Management), weed control for blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, grapes

 

 

Southern Region of Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SSARE) | University of Arkansas Southern Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SSARE) | Arkansas website
Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group (SSAWG)
Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) 
The Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) provides organic certifiers, growers, manufacturers, and suppliers an independent review of products intended for use in certified organic production, handling, and processing.

 

FSA-41 Organic Certification Process in Arkansas
FSA-42 Organic Markets and Marketing in Arkansas
Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System Organic Resource Manual for Arkansas
Cooperative Extension Service | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas SystemSouthern Region of Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SSARE) | University of Arkansas Organic Horticulture Training for the Southeast
Universities in Alabama, Arkansas, North Carolina and South Carolina have partnered to train and educate Cooperative Extension Service personnel and other agricultural professionals on the philosophy, certification, production methods and economics of organic agriculture systems. Teaching modules and supplemental resources developed and adapted and made available educators throughout the Southern region to use in planning and conducting organic trainings and addressing common organic horticulture production issues. (website hosted by University of Arkansas)
Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE) Transitioning to Organic 
Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE)
ATTRA | National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service Organic Farming - Fruits publications 
ATTRA | National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service
Cornell University Extension Organic Guides for Fruit Production - Cornell University Extension
These guides outline general practices for growing fruit crops using organic integrated pest management techniques. Topics include cover crops, resistant varieties, crop rotation, field selection, soil quality and nutrient management.
University of Kentucky Extension Organic Blackberries and Raspberries - University of Kentucky Extension
Oregon State University Extension Organic Blackberry Production Systems - Oregon State University
University of Vermont ExtensionOrganic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) Organic Apple Project: OrganicA - University of Vermont
The OrganicA Project is a collaborative partnership among three land-grant universities and stakeholders 
throughout in the region. The project includes both research and a closely integrated organic apple outreach program which is disseminating research findings, information, and insights. The long-term goal of this multi-state, multidisciplinary project is to enhance adoption of organic apple production in New England through research that advances the scientific knowledge base and provides practical information to stakeholders.

 

Advantages of high tunnels relative to field production

High Tunnel Berries | Arkansas Extensionred checkSeason extension/off season production

red checkReduced moisture on foliage from rainfall and dew

– Lower disease potential

red checkIncreased growth rates and production

– Increased heat unit accumulation and retention
– More even light distribution
– Reduced plant stress

red checkExclude insect pests and some animals

– Plant health and food safety

red checkControlled water application

red checkHigher quality products

The Potential for High Tunnels 
presentation by Dr. Curt Rom & Dr. Elena Garcia | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System

High Tunnel Construction and Selection Considerations 
presentation by David A. Dickey and Jason D. McAfee | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System

High Tunnels or Hoop Houses Education 
Southern SARE

FSA-9512 Diagnosing Farm Profitability Problems
FSFCS-56 Estate Planning Defined
Center for Agricultural & Rural Sustainability (CARS) | Research & Extension | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System

Assessing High Tunnel Production for Organic Berries | Center for Agricultural and Rural Sustainability

Interactive Organic Blackberry Budget

Interactive Organic Raspberry Budget

Instructions for Interactive Organic Budgets

Center for Agricultural & Rural Sustainability (CARS) | Research & Extension | Division of Agriculture | University of Arkansas System Arkansas CropMap
View crops produced within Arkansas by crop, acres produced, and yield. Information for the entire state as well as individual counties.
Ag Risk & Farm Management Library Ag Risk & Farm Management Library 
Information on production risk, crop insurance, enterprise diversification, price risk, natural disasters, legal risk, and human risk.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) USDA Risk Management Agency
The Risk Management Agency is part of the USDA with the goal of assisting producers manage risk through effective risk management solutions. The three divisions of the RMA include: Insurance Services, Research and Development (R&D), and Risk Compliance.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) - Arkansas
USDA's NASS Arkansas Field Office is operated in cooperation with the University of Arkansas System's Division of Agriculture.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service (ERS)
The ERS mission is to inform and enhance public and private decision making on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, the environment, and rural development.

Marketing Your Products Directly (FSA31)
by Arkansas Extension
This publication shows you how to market your products directly and legal considerations.

Commodity Markets 
by Arkansas Extension
This site provides various links to cash market prices, futures market prices, USDA reports, market commentary and analysis, and other market related analysis.

Farmers' Market Vendor Guidelines
by Arkansas Department of Health & Arkansas Agriculture Department

Arkansas Grown 
by Arkansas Agriculture Department
This website was developed by the Arkansas Agriculture Department (AAD) to help potential buyers locate Arkansas producers. Any resident of Arkansas who produces an agricultural product in our state may, at no charge, list their marketing information here. AAD may also make this information available for distribution in other formats.

Agricultural Marketing Service
by USDA
This site provides information on the various AMS programs, discusses current hot topics in agriculture, and provides various web resources to assist producers.

Farmers' Markets and Local Food Marketing
by USDA Agricultural Marketing Service

National Organic Program 
by USDA Agricultural Marketing Service
National Organic Program page that supplies links for certifying agents, consumer information, NOP regulations and policies, producers, handlers, and processors, and state information as well as a link to the National Organics Standards Board.

Food & Farm Policy 
by Arkansas Extension
The Agricultural and Food Policy webpages are developed as a resource to help users increase their understanding of public decision making by providing sources of information, data, analysis and news on public issues impacting Arkansas' agricultural and rural sector.

Legal and Business Guide 
by University of Arkansas System's Division of Agriculture
This book includes chapters on contract laws, food safety, food labeling, agricultural labor, business organizations and the application of the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act. In addition, since the industry is also confronted by other unique challenges that directly affect competitiveness, it also includes a chapter addressing the marketing of various types of specialty crops and one discussing the third-party audit system.

Farmdoc - Law & Taxation 
by University of Illinois
The educational materials provided on this site can assist producers, as well as others, in understanding the impact of laws and regulations on agri-related decisions and activities. Topics on this site include: Agricultural Biotechnology, Selling Agricultural Products, Acquiring Farmland, Water, Natural Resources & Environment, Labor Law, and Taxation.

Farm Labor Laws and Regulations
by Ohio State University
This site provided by Ohio State University gives a summary of labor laws and regulations that affect agriculture.

Wage & Hour Division
by United States Department of Labor
The Wage and Hour mission is to promote and achieve compliance with labor standards to protect and enhance the welfare of the Nation's workforce.

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