UACES Facebook Landscape Shrubs D - K by Scientific Name

Landscape Shrubs D-K by Scientific Name

Printer Friendly Version - All Landscape Shrubs by Scientific Name

Scientific Name Common Name Comments 
Deutzia gracilis
Thumbnail picture of Slender Deutzia (Deutzia gracilis) shrub covered in early spring white flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Slender Deutzia
  
  • Size: small (3' tall by 4' wide) deciduous shrub; mounded habit
  • Fruit: noted for early spring, white flowers, not fragrant
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: full sun; adaptable to soils
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: massed, middle of mixed shrub bed
Edgeworthia chrysantha
Thumbnail picture of Paperbush (Edgeworthia chrysantha) shrub Select for larger images and more information.  
Paperbush
  
  • Size: medium shrub; 6’ tall x 6’ wide
  • Culture: partial shade to shade
  • Use: component of woodland garden, mixed shrub border
Elaeagnus pungens (E.x ebbingei)
Thumbnail picture of Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens) shrub form  Select for larger images and more information.  
Thorny Elaeagnus
  
  • Size: fast growing, large 12' tall by 12' wide) broadleaf evergreen; very wild habit unless pruned
  • Flowers: extremely fragrant flowers in the fall, but not showy
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun; very adaptable to soil type
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: must be sheared; good for screen/hedge
  • Similar to E. x ebbingei
Euonymus alatus
Thumbnail picture of Winged Euonymus (Euonymus alatus) shrub in bright reddish pink fall color  Select for larger images and more information.  
Winged Euonymus (Burningbush)
  
  • Size: medium (7' tall by 7' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: yellow/green, not showy
  • Fruit: brilliant orange, can be significant after foliage drops and if in sufficient numbers
  • Fall color: exceptional, pink
  • Twigs: distinctive 'wings'
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil; best in partial sun to shade. Very shade tolerant
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: individual plant, naturalizing, deciduous hedge
  • Cultivars: 'Compactus' (red fall color; similar size) more common in trade
Euonymus japonicus 'Aureus'
Thumbnail picture of Variegated Euonymus (Euonymus japonicus 'Aureus') shrub.  Select for larger image and more information.  
Variegated Euonymus
  
  • Size: this cultivar is low (2’ tall x 4’). Broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun; adaptable to soil type
  • Disease/insect: Euonymus scale a problem
  • Use: low, evergreen groundcover
  • Cultivars: many cultivars and forms available besides this one
Euonymus kiautschovicus 'Manhattan'
Thumbnail picture of Manhattan Euonymus (Euonymus kiautschovicus 'Manhattan') green shrub.  Select for larger image and more information.  
Manhattan Euonymus
  
  • Size: large (10' tall by 10' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun; adaptable to many soils
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: evergreen screen or wide hedge
Forsythia x intermedia
Thumbnail picture of Border Forsythia (Forsythia x intermeda) shrub covered with bright yellow flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Border Forsythia
  
  • Size: medium/large (7' tall by 9' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: known for exceptional, yellow flowers, early spring
  • Fruit: not significant (woody capsule)
  • Fall color: depends on weather, can be deep maroon purple
  • Culture: full sun; tolerant of most soils
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: massed; mixed shrub bed
Fothergilla gardenii
Thumbnail picture closeup of Dwarf Fothergilla (Fothergilla gardenii) thimble-like white flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Dwarf Fothergilla
  
  • Size: small (4' tall by 4' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: showy, early spring, white, 'thimble-like' flowers; often re-blooms in fall
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: nice flame fall color
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil; best in partial sun. Provide adequate moisture if located in full sun
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: massed, mixed shrub border
Gardenia jasmonoides
Thumbnail picture of Gardenia (Gardenia jasmonoides) with white and yellow flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Gardenia
  
  • Size: medium (5' tall by 5' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Flowers: fragrant flowers; pure white flowers in summer, fade yellow
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil, acid soil; partial sun or shade; Best in zones 7 and 8
  • Disease/insect: scale, whitefly
  • Use: specimen near entry-ways
  • Cultivars: few for increased cold hardiness (‘Kleim’s Hardy’)
Hamamelis virginiana
Thumbnail picture of Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana) showing form in front of house.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Witchhazel
  
  • Size: large (10' tall by 10' wide) deciduous shrub; very irregular habit, open
  • Flowers: noted for yellow, strap-like flowers in late fall/early winter
  • Fruit: not significant (woody capsule)
  • Fall color: yellowish or golden yellow
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil, sun or shade. Flowers well in shade
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: naturalizing
  • Cultivars: hybrid selections such as ‘Arnold’s Promise’, ‘Jelena’, ‘Sunburst’ even more dramatic flowering in early spring; native H. vernalis flowers mid-winter/early spring
Hibiscus syriacus
Thumbnail picture of Althea (Hibiscus syriacus) with lavender flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Althea; Rose-of-Sharon
  
  • Size: large (9' tall by 9' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: known for significant summer flowers (white, pink, purple)
  • Fruit: not significant, woody capsule
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: full sun; tolerates most soils. Drought tolerant once established
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: specimen, back of mixed shrub border
  • Cultivars: many. Mostly for flower color or type (single/double)
Hydrangea macrophylla
Thumbnail picture of Bigleaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla) shrub covered with dakr blue flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Bigleaf Hydrangea
  
  • Size: medium (4.5' tall by 5' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: known for spectacular flowers in early/mid summer (pink or blue; mopheads or lacecaps); most flower on old wood so don’t prune severely in early spring
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil; partial sun or shade
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: specimen, foundation, mixed shrub beds
  • Cultivars: hundreds for flower type and flower color
  • See Hydrangea database for more information
Hydrangea paniculata
Thumbnail picture closeup of Panicle Hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata) white flower panicle.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Panicle Hydrangea
  
  • Size: large (9' tall by 9' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: known for dramatic, white, terminal panicles in summer, fade to pink
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: moist soil; tolerates full sun
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: specimen, back of mixed shrub bed. Has lost favor with introduction of white crapemyrtles
  • Cultivars like 'Grandiflora', 'Floribunda', 'Unique', and 'Tardiva' have showier flowers with more sterile flowers
  • See Hydrangea database for more information
Hydrangea quercifolia
Thumbnail picture closeup of Oakleaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia) white flower panicles and oak-like leaves  Select for larger images and more information.  
Oakleaf Hydrangea
  
  • Size: medium (5' tall by 7' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: known for significant white panicles in early summer
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: dramatic, maroon; 'oak-like' leaves
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil; shade or sun
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: foundation, specimen
  • Cultivars: ‘Alice’, ‘Sikes Dwarf’, ‘Harmony’, ‘Snow Queen’ and more
  • See Hydrangea database for more information
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Thumbnail picture closeup of Burford Holly (Ilex cornuta 'Burfodii') leaves and red berries.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Burford Holly
  
  • Size: large (18' tall by 8' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Flowers: not significant
  • Fruit: showy, red berry; Unique in that fruit-set does not require pollination (parthenocarpic)
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun or shade; moist soil best. Avoid poorly drained soils
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: hedge or screen
Ilex cornuta 'Carissa'
Thumbnail picture of Carissa Holly (Ilex cornuta 'Carissa') shrub row.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Carissa Holly
  
  • Size: small (3' tall by 3' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Fruit: female clone so no red fruits
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil. Avoid poorly drained soils.; sun or shade
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: excellent for foundation plantings or massed
Ilex crenata 'Compacta'
Thumbnail picture of Dwarf Japanese (Ilex crenata 'Compacta') shrub.  Select for larger image and more information.  
Dwarf Japanese Holly
  
  • Size: small (2' tall by 4' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Fruit: black, not showy
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil. Avoid poorly drained soil; sun or shade
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: commonly used in foundation plantings
  • Other similar cultivars: ‘Helleri’, ‘Hetzii’, ‘Repandens’
Ilex crenata 'Convexa'
Thumbnail picture closeup of Convexa Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata 'Convexa') foliage.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Convexa Japanese Holly
  
  • Size: small (2' tall by 4' wide) broadleaf evergreen, leaf cupped down (convex)
  • Culture: best in rich, moist soil, sun or shade
  • Use: commonly used in foundation plantings
  • Very similar to Dwarf Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata 'Compacta')
Ilex decidua
Thumbnail picture closeup of Possumhaw (Ilex decidua) white flowers on stem.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Possumhaw
  
  • Size: large (15' tall by 15' wide) deciduous shrub; open habit
  • Flowers: small, white, not showy
  • Fruit: exceptional red/orange fruits in winter
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: sun or shade; adaptable to soils
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: woodlands, back of mixed shrub bed
  • Native to Arkansas
Ilex glabra
Thumbnail picture closup of Inkberry Holly (Ilex glabra) foliage.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Inkberry Holly
  
  • Size: medium (5' tall by 4' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Flowers: not significant
  • Fruit: black berry (drupe) on female plants; not showy
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun or partial shade; rich, moist soil best
  • Use: Masses or foundation plantings
  • Cultivars: several. Most for tighter habit and glossy dark green leaves
Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'
Thumbnail picture of Dwarf Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria 'Nana') as foundation planting.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Dwarf Yaupon Holly
  
  • Size: small (3' tall by 5' wide) broadleaf evergreen
  • Flowers: insignificant
  • Fruit: not overwhelming on this form, red
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun or shade; rich, moist soil best
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: common in foundation plantings
  • Many similar cultivars ('Schillings'/'Stokes Dwarf'; Bordeaux™; 'Straughan's Dwarf')
Ilex vomitoria 'Pendula'
Thumbnail picture of Weeping Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria 'Pendula') form showing 'weeping' habit.  Select for larger image and more information.  
Weeping Yaupon Holly
  
  • Size: medium (15' tall by 5' wide) weeping broadleaf evergreen
  • Fruit: heavy red fruit display
  • Use: specimen plant
Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri'
Thumbnail picture closeup of Foster Holly (Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri') foliage and red berry fruit  Select for larger images and more information.  
Foster Holly
  
  • Size: large (20' tall by 7' wide) pyramidal broadleaf evergreen
  • Flowers: not significant
  • Fruit: showy, red berry
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen
  • Culture: sun to partial shade; moist soil best. Avoid poorly drained soils
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: commonly used at the corner of a house/building
Ilex x meserveae
Thumbnail picture of Blue Holly (Ilex x meserveae) blue leaves with read berry clusters  Select for larger images and more information.  
Blue Holly
  
  • Size: medium (7' tall by 8' wide) broadleaf evergreen; open habit
  • Flowers: not significant
  • Fruit: beautiful red berry (drupe) on female plants
  • Fall color: none/broadleaf evergreen; Recognized by dark blue-green leaves
  • Culture: best in partial shade; moist soil
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: massed, mixed shrub bed
  • Cultivars: Usually sold in pairs: male ('Blue Boy'; Blue Prince') and female ('Blue Girl'; 'Blue Princess')
  • Bred by Mrs. Meserve in the early 1950's for cold hardiness of evergreen hollies
Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'
Thumbnail picture closeup of Nellie Stevens Holly (Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens') showing red berry fruit cluster.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Nellie R. Stevens Holly
  
  • Size: very large (18' tall by 15' wide) pyramidal broadleaf evergreen
  • Common hedge/screen plant in South
  • Heavy fruit producer (female plant)
Itea virginica
Thumbnail picture of Sweetspire (Itea virginica) small form with white flower racemes.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Sweetspire; Virginia Sweetspire
  
  • Size: medium (4' tall by 9' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: significant, white, terminal racemes, May/June
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: reliable, spectacular maroon fall color
  • Culture: sun to partial sun; moist soil
  • Disease/insect: none significant
  • Use: mass, spreads by rhizomes
  • Cultivars; 'Henry's Garnet'; 'Saturnalia'; 'Merlot'
Jasminum nudiflorum
Thumbnail picture closeup of Winter Jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) stem with bright yellow flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Winter Jasmine
  
  • Size: medium (4' tall by 7' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: late winter (February/March) for weeks; golden yellow on green stems
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: full sun; adaptable to most soils
  • Misc: pinnately compound leaf, 3 leaflets
Juniperus conferta
Thumbnail picture closeup of Shore Juniper (Juniperus conferta) needles and pale blue-green fruit capsules.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Shore Juniper
  
  • Size: low (18" tall by 6' wide) needle evergreen
  • Needles: Soft blue-green color
  • Culture: full sun; drought tolerant once established
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: groundcover. Probably best groundcover juniper for Arkansas
  • Cultivars: 'Blue Mist'; 'Blue Pacific'
Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar Harbor'
Thumbnail picture of Bar Habor Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar Harbor') covering large embankment area with green.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Bar Harbor Juniper
  
  • Size: low (8" tall by 8' wide) needle evergreen
  • Needles: green summer color; steel blue winter color
  • Culture: full sun; drought tolerant once established; avoid overhead watering
  • Disease/insect: twig blights common due to high humidity and overhead watering
  • Use: very low groundcover; slopes
  • These cultivars are mostly selected from sand dunes along the Eastern seaboard
Juniperus horizontalis 'Plumosa'
Thumbnail picture of Andorra Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Plumosa') shrubs in purple winter color  Select for larger images and more information.  
Andorra Juniper
  
  • Size: low 12" tall by 8' wide), radially symmetric, needle evergreen
  • Needles: Green summer color; purple winter color
  • Culture: full sun
  • Selected by Andorra Nursery in 1907
  • Differs from Bar Harbor Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar Harbor')  in that growth is symmetrical and it is slightly taller
Juniperus procumbens
Thumbnail picture of Japgarden Juniper (Juniperus procumbens) form showing cascading habit.  Select for larger images and more information.  
Japgarden Juniper
  
  • Size: low (1' tall by 7' wide) needle evergreen
  • Needles: all juvenile (awl-shaped)
  • Culture: full sun
  • Use: Ideal for cascading over walls; Japanese gardens. Another good choice for Arkansas
Juniperus x media 'Pfizteriana'
Thumbnail picture of Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus x media 'Pfizteriana') shrub form  Select for larger images and more information.  
Pfitzer Juniper
  
  • Size: large (7' tall by 12' wide) needle evergreen
  • Culture: full sun; drought tolerant once established
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: Industry standard for medium/large juniper
Kerria japonica
Thumbnail picture closeup of Japanese Kerria (Kerria japonica) yellow flowers  Select for larger images and more information.  
Japanese Kerria
  
  • Size: medium (4' tall by 7' wide) deciduous shrub
  • Flowers: beautiful deep yellow flowers mid-spring and then sporadically throughout the year
  • Fruit: not significant
  • Fall color: none
  • Culture: partial sun to shade ('forsythia for the shade'); drought tolerant once established
  • Disease/insect: none serious
  • Use: flowering shrub for shade, masses
  • Stems green & zig-zag
  • Cultivar: 'Pleni flora' (double), 'Picta' (leaves edged white)