UACES Facebook USDA Projected Planting Report - April 2014

USDA Projected Planting Report - April 2014

You Tube - Link to watch video on You Tube.Link to transcript

Audio/Video  Script:

I’m Scott Stiles, Extension economist with the University of Arkansas. I’m based on the Arkansas State University Campus in Jonesboro.

[Slide – March 31, 2014 USDA NASS “Prospective Plantings” report summary.] Discussing the recent USDA March 31 “Projected Plantings” report. USDA conducted their survey for the March 31 Prospective Planting report during the first two weeks of March, and it reflects growers’ intentions for what they want to plant at that time.

Results of the survey reflected what we were hearing from growers during our winter meetings, that acreage for all spring planting crops would be up, except for corn. Their survey revealed that corn acreage would be down 280,000 acres compared to last year we’re going to be down to a total of 600,000 acres. We planted 880,000 a year ago.

[Slide – Overview. The acreage estimates in the March 31 USDA Prospective Plantings report were based primarily on surveys conducted during the first two weeks of March. The March Agricultural Survey is a probability survey that includes a sample of over 84,000 farm operators selected from a list of producers that ensures all operations in the United States have a chance to be selected. These operators were contacted by mail, internet, telephone, or personal interview to obtain information on crop acreage planned for the 2014 crop year.]

Video shows Scott Stiles standing at a white board with the following information:












3.26 million

3.35 million










1,521 million



   Long Grain


1,35 million



   Medium Grain





The main reasons for that -- there’s really two good reasons. We’re seeing lower corn prices compared to a year ago. The prices that producers are looking at and making their planting decisions now are about 20 percent less than where they were a year ago. In dollar terms that’s about a dollar fifteen a bushel less than compared to last year. Prices for all commodities are down and the second reason that corn acreage is down so much is the returns to corn compared to other crops. We’re seeing better returns for rice and soybeans both and slightly better for cotton as well.

Lower prices, lower returns to corn compared to competing crops are two reasons we’re seeing significantly lower corn acreage than a year ago. [Slide – Chart Arkansas Corn Acreage 2013 & 2014. Planted acreage 2013 0.880 million acres, 2014 0.600 million acres. Source: USDA-NASS, 2014. Picture of corn.]

Other findings from the survey indicated that soybean acreage in the state would be up 90,000 acres.  [Slide – Chart Arkansas Soybean Acreage 2013 & 2014. Planted acreage 2013 3.26 million acres, 2014 3.35 million acres. Source: USDA-NASS, 2014. Picture of a soybean field.]

Cotton acreage would be up 30,000 acres. [Slide – Chart Arkansas Cotton  Acreage 2013 & 2014. Planted acreage 2013 0.310 million acres, 2014 0.340 million acres. Source: USDA-NASS, 2014. Picture of a cotton field.]

And rice acreage would be up 445,000 acres. Total rice acreage came in at a little over one and a half million acres and that came in at the high end of expectations. [Slide – Chart Arkansas Rice Acreage 2013 & 2014. Planted acreage 2013 1.076 million acres, 2014 1.521 million acres. Source: USDA-NASS, 2014. Picture of a combine in a rice field.] [Slide – Chart Arkansas Rice Acreage 2013 & 2014. Planted acreage 2013 Long Grain 0.955 million acres, Medium Grain 0.120 million acres and 2014 Long Grain 1.35 million acres, Medium Grain 0.170 million acres. Source: USDA-NASS, 2014. Picture of a rice being harvested.]

So overall, there were no surprises in the March 31 Prospective Plantings report. And it did reveal what growers‘ intentions were for during the first two weeks of March. USDA will provide updated acreage numbers at the end of June in their annual acreage report.

If you’d like more information about the USDA prospective plantings report, you can find that at the National Ag Statistics Service website,, or at  [Screenshot of the National Agricultural Statistics Today’s Reports web page, and the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service’s Farm and Ranch web page]

Thank you.  [Banner - This Arkansas Soybean Podcast is a production of the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture and is funded in part by the Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board. Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board logo.] 


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