Record Breakers Panel Discussion at 2013 ASPB Research Summit - December 2013Link to transcript
[The following is an excerpt from the Record Breakers Panel Discussion (Arkansas growers who broke 100-bushel barrier this year) at the 2013 Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board Research Summit held in Jonesboro, AR. Annual event by the Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board]
[Lanny Ashlock, Former VP of Special Programs with the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture] Any particular comments you want to make regarding your operation that’s different than what you’ve done in the past that helped be responsible for the year?
[Matt Miles - McGehee, Desha County. Bushels per acre 107.63, date barrier broken September 13, soybean variety ASGROW 4632] Like what they’ve said before, the weather this year just made a huge difference. Just trying to do the right things at the right time in combination with the weather and good support staff, from employees to consultants to our dealers, It just all came together.
[Audience question] What stage of growth
[Eddie Tackett - Atkins, Pope County. Bushels per acre 104.83, date barrier broken September 27, soybean variety Pioneer 94Y70] We planted our beans May 13th. The last good rain that we got was the first week of June and we were watering beans by the second week of June. They were maybe like so, 30 inch rows and they got a drink of water one way or the other pretty much every week. We credit the soil that we have up there, we’ll credit about 2 inches of water every time we watered down the furrow. Has good internal drainage and in some cases, in some fields, that would probably be over-watering the soybean without good internal drainage on a young bean, as the beans got bigger the ground got dryer quicker. I want to interrupt just a second. I want to give a hand to the promotion board. I wasn’t here early, so I don’t know how much credit has been given to the promotion board for this race for 100. I ‘d like to give them a hand, Dr. Lanny especially.
The question was did I water every middle or every other middle?
We watered on this soil every other middle. Some soils we can’t do that. It depends on the sand. I call it how sandy it is. Some are really sandy soils, we have to water every middle because it won’t bleed, but this particular farm whenever we water every other middle, they’ll be water come up in the odd middle. So that lets me know that we’re getting those roots watered. So I don’t feel like I was losing anything on that particular farm.
[Matt] What type of land preparations do we do, whether it’s in the fall or the spring, which way we go?
First of all I want to tell you all that I flunked public speaking, so if I mess up here, it’s because I never go that right. Actually we try to do everything right behind the combine. If weather permits, whether it’s soybeans, corn or cotton, we try to go in right behind the combine. We do grid sampling. We try to get that done fairly soon after harvest. And then we go ahead and apply our litter at that point and try to cover and that’s our main goal. We’re all for irrigating on our farm, predominately every middle is what we try to irrigate, especially on the twin rows. On the twin rows we have to do that, on the single rows sometimes if we have a weak water supply then we’ll go every other middle. It seems crucial to us to try to get the land prepared in the fall and gets our litter in the bed, gets everything in the bed where we’ll actually be in the seed zone come the following spring.
Yes sir, sometimes we do. What I try to do is farm wide is try to at least deep till with, mainly we use a ripper. At least try to deep till one third of our farm every year. That way at least every three years we have some type of deep tillage running through there to help with the root zone management and moisture.
[Audience question] What was the average for the farm?
[Eddie] That particular farm was about a hundred acre farm and the average was like 92.
[Matt] Mine was right there like 93, 92, somewhere in that range on that particular field.
What are we going to do different for next year?
Hope the weather’s the same would help me the most. I had someone ask me that before and what would you do different. You just try to do basically the same thing your doing now. As Ryan kind of mentioned, and we’ve looked at all these different ways of growing soybeans, pretty much from information I gathered off his presentation is timeliness and weather is where the yields are coming from. So hopefully we’ll have the same weather. That’ll make a huge difference.
[Eddie] In 1976 this identical field, my coach up here, we done a verification field behind…It was drilled, another teacher I had, was Phil Tacker, he come up and showed us how to do the boarder irrigation. They also used the irrigation scheduler, which I’d never heard of. The comment I made last week at Farm Bureau was, they’d irrigate these beans say on a Monday and then on Friday evening they’d call me and say turn the pump back on Monday morning. And I’m sitting here saying, well we just got through watering them. So I would reluctantly go down there and turn the pump on and to make a long story short, those soybeans averaged 57 bushels I believe, behind wheat, in 1996. Which was pretty much an unheard of yield at that time. In 1997, Dr Lanny asked if I would do a full season field. So we planted full season beans. They were irrigated about 8 times I believe that year, and they cut 74 bushels. Dr Lanny made comments that that was the first 70 bushel yield documented in the state of Arkansas. Now, we’re not taking credit. We’re giving people like Dr Lanny, the University Extension people, Gus, Rick Cartwright. Bob Scott, Jeremy, Those are the people, the reason why I’m up here. Plus a little bit of luck. So 1997, those beans cut 74 bushel. In 2013, 104, that’s 30 bushel in 16 years or whatever. I give a lot of credit to the soybean breeders, I think beans are tougher now a days. They just have better potential. And we have yet to reach, I think, the potential of the soybeans that we have at hand. Thirty inch rows, we’re at thirty, he’s on 38 twins. I’ve not been able to figure out a better way to water my beans in this particular field besides 30 inch rows. We’re going to do some experimenting, but if I could close those rows up to 20, I think under the same conditions, that we could up that yield a little bit more. So time has been in our favor, increase yields, and not just in the soybean field, but I credit a lot to the University people plus our breeders of our seeds today.
[Matt] What is the price of two tons of litter in SE Arkansas?
We’re paying about 47 to 50 dollars per ton. So that’s easy to figure. That’s turnkey job. That’s brought in, applied, with normally some type of analysis on it. We don’t analyze every single load but we at least try to analyze every single house. Because our fertilizer program, what we do is we’ll run anywhere from 2 tons to a ton and half a littler depending on the farm. And then we’ll Band-Aid that with veritable rate potash after we grid sample where we need extra potash. We give the litter the credits that we have for it and then add to it for potash. So it’s probably more expensive this coming up year than what a regular p and K application would be, but as p and k’s went up the previous years, it’s actually been a little bit cheaper or at least the same.
[Eddie] We’re a little bit cheaper up in the river valley, we have access to a little more litter up there, but about 30- 32 dollars applied.
We like litter and we like commercial. We’re not going to depend 100% on litter and I’d really like to have litter and commercial whenever it’s available.
[This panel discussion was part of the 2013 Soybean Research Summit. Tuesday, December 17, 2013. Event sponsored by the Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board. Putting your soybean checkoff dollar to work, improving sustainability, profitability of soybean farmers in Arkansas.]